Notable Scholars

Psychoanalysis is the study of the conscious and unconscious mind. One could not begin talking about psychoanalysis without mentioning the founder Sigmund Freud. Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist, who earned his degree from the University of Vienna in 1881. Freud began to develop his theory of psychoanalysis by working with patient who were suffering from hysteria. Hysteria is a mental breakdown of the mind a form of insanity (hysterical). Freud acknowledged that the symptoms from hysteria were traced from early life psychic trauma. Patient suffering from hysteria have unresolved emotional experiences that tend to manifest themselves negatively in a person life. The symptoms of hysteria break down to a wide range of disorders. Some examples are: Hypochondriasis, Compulsive Disorder, Body Dysmorphic, and phobias. The earlier treatment for Hysteria was hypnosis; under hypnosis patients would recall forgotten past events. The hypnosis treatment was deemed undesirable by the medical profession, and later rejected by Freud. Freud then invented a technique called free association. Free association is using images or words to strike an emotion or feeling.
In 1906 Freud began to work with a Swiss Psychologist Eugen Bleuler. Bleuler attended the University of Zurich, Bern, and became a licensed physician in 1881. Bleuler was influenced by Sigmund Freud, and Wilhelm Max Wundt he used both their teaching in his work. Bleuler is most known for originating the term Schizophrenia, and the concept of autism. Bleuler applied psychoanalytical methods in his research, and encouraged his staff to study unconscious mind theories.
Bleuler's works also concern studies of hypnotism, subcortical aphasia, osteomalacy, moral idiocy (based on a study of the national assemblies of the major European powers 1897-1923), the physiology of ventricology, etc in various journals. He was the publisher of Jahrbuch für psychoanalytische Forschung ( In 1908 Bleuler along with Freud, and Jung published a journal, Jahrbuch fur psychoanalytische Forschung.
Carl Gustav Jung a Swiss psychiatrist he studied at Basel, and University Psychiatric clinic in Zurich. Jung studied under Eugen Bleuler, and in 1906 wrote a book on dementia praecox; a condition Eugen Bleuler renamed Schizophrenia. In 1907 at the age of 30 Jung met Sigmund Freud the two shared some of the same theories, and developed business relationship. Freud sent some of his published essay to Jung; which later resulted in Jung editing the Jahrbuch fur psychoanalytische Forschung. In 1911 with the help of Sigmund Freud; Carl Jung was elected president of the International Psychoanalytical Society. In 1912 Jung wrote a book about The Psychology of the unconscious; which disagreed with Freud’s sexual trauma ideas. Jung later ended his relationship with Freud and resigned from the International Psychoanalytical Society. Jung developed his own theories; he incorporated eastern and western philosophy into his work. Jung invented MBTI indicator questionnaire that measure your mind behavior; used today as a personality assessment.

Eugen Bleuler

Sigmund Freud

Carl Gustav Jung