Marxism Notable Scholars

Without question Karl Marx is one of the most notable scholars that has contributed to the marxism lens. Marx is most famous for his writing in the Communist Manifesto. Karl Marx was born in Prussia in May of 1818. When Marx was six, he and the rest of his family were baptized as Protestants. In 1835 Marx attended college at the University of Bonn where he began studying law because his father's influence. While at college Marx realized his passion was literature and philosophy insteadof law. This change of interest didn't impress his father, and the dissapointment Marx felt from his father led to Marx misbehaving at school. Because of this behavior Marx was pulled out of the University of Bonn and put into the University of Berlin in 1836. At the University of Berlin Marx began to form his philosphical and political ideas. He graduated with a doctoral degree in Greek philosophy. After school Marx was unable to teach at universities because of his radical views, and then began a career in journalism. In february 1842 Marx married Jenny von Westphalen. Marx and his wife then moved to Paris where he continued his journalism career. Marx then met Frederich Engels, who would become a close friend and a coauthor in his writings. Marx and Engels began writing the Communist Manifesto together which is a work about a social change in which Marx wished to employ on the community, called marxism (Karl Marx).

Frederich Engels not only helped to finance the Communist Manifesto, but also added in data from his own experiences (Hunt). Engels was born in 1820. When he was twenty-two his father send him to work in their family's cotton factory located in Manchester, England. In 1844 when Engels and Marx met they became good friends and wrote the Communist Manifesto. Engels and Marx also worked together on a newspaper, and even after going back to Manchester, Engels always supported Marx and his family. In 1845 Engels wrote his own book on the working class conditions in England. After Marx died Engels continued to edit his work, and carried on Marx's ideas (Engels, Frederich).

Another scholar who picked up Marx's ideas is Valdimir Lenin. Lenin, becoming involved with the socialist movement organized the Union of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class. Lenin was born on April 10, 1870 in Simbirsk, Russia. Lenin's older brother, Aleksandr was a big influence on Lenin and was a hero in Lenin's eyes. The execution of Aleksandr in 1887 devastated Lenin. The death of his brother encouraged Lenin to become involved in the social change as Aleksandr had done. Lenin became involved in underground organizations of the production of communist literature. Lenin was an influential figure in the movement towards communist and used many of Marx's ideas for the foundation of his own thinking (Vladimir Lenin).

Works Cited:

"Engels, Friedrich (1820-1895)." Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia. 08 Sep. 2005. eLibrary. Web. 03 Mar. 2011.

Hunt, Tristram. "No Marx without Engels." History Today 4(2009):48. eLibrary. Web. 03 Mar. 2011.

Karl Marx. ABC-CLIO Interactive, 2001. eLibrary. Web. 03 Mar. 2011.

Vladimir Lenin. ABC-CLIO Interactive, 2001. eLibrary. Web. 03 Mar. 2011.