Notable Scholars

The first-wave feminism began in the nineteenth century to the early twentieth century. The United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States focused on "de jure inequalities, and gaining women's sufferage"(Associated Content from Yahoo). There were many woman who considered themselves as feminist. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was one of the many leaders in this wave. She was born in Johnstown, New York, on November 12, 1815. Her father, a lawyer, made it no secret that he wanted a son. Knowing this fact Elizabeth excels in intellectual, and other "male" spheres. She graduates, in 1832, from the Emma Willard's Troy Female Seminary in 1832. Through visits to her cousin Gerrit Smith she finds interest in the "abolitionist, temperance, and women's rights movements"(Bio True Story). She marries, Henry Stanton, in 1840, leaving out "Obey" in the marriage vows. In 1948 she attends the Seneca Falls Convention, along with Lucretia Mott, and many other women. The attendees write the "Declaration of Sentiments"(Bio True Story), this declaration proposes the right for women to vote. Elizabeth meets Susan B. Anthony, to whom also stood for womans rights. She works with Susan on the Revolution, a militant weekly paper. In 1869, these woman create the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA). Elizabeth held the presidency of the association for twenty-one years. NWSA merges with another alliance and she holds the presidency for another two years. Elizabeth Cady Stanton traveled the world giving lectures, and speeches.

The second-wave began in the early 1960's, and went through the late 1980's. The main focus of this wave, "Encouraged women to understand aspects of their personal lives and deeply politicized, and reflective of a sexists structure of power. The key word of this wave was education, of women and of men" (Associated Content from Yahoo). Bella Abzug, born in 1920, was giving lectures by the age of thirteen. Bella is a Jewish woman, and the daughter of Russian immagrants. She was raised poor in the Bronx. Going against her families synagogue she goes to school, being one of a very few woman, to become a lawyer. "Specializing in labor and tenants’ rights, and civil rights and liberties cases" (Jewish Womans Archive.History Makers). She took on the "House Un-American Activities Committee", to which took place in the McCarthy ara. She became a voice against the Vietnam War, she started the "Women Strike for Peace" in 1960. On a feminist, and peace platform, at the age of fifty, she runs for Congress, in Manhattan. Abzug is one of twelve woman in Congress. Her accomplishments in Congress demonstrated her unshakable convictions as an "anti-war activist and as a fighter for social and economic justice" (History Makers). In 1976, Bella runs against an all male Senate, and lost. Bella Abzug, played a part in the "UN International Woman's Conference", and also founded "Woman USA." She also co-founded "Women's Environment and Development Organization." Bella, "Became an influential leader at the United Nations and at UN world conferences, working to empower women around the globe" (History Makers).

"Third Wave focuses on the economic, political, social, and personal empowerment of women" (Suite 101.com). Rebecca Walker is to be known as the "Third Wave". This wave began in the 1990's,being one of the most influential woman, under the age of forty is the author of, "To Be Real: Telling the Truth and Changing the Face of Feminism" (Rebecca Walker). Rebecca graduated Yale University,